(January 19, 1839 � October 22, 1906) C�zanne was born in Aix-en-Provence. From 1859 to 1861 he studied law, while continuing drawing lessons. He went against the objections of his father and he decided to pursue an artistic career and left for Paris in 1861.
C�zanne began with style of the impressionists, but gradually solidified it and made it more architectural. In his words: "I want to make of impressionism something solid and lasting like the art in the museums." He structurally ordered whatever he perceived into simple forms and color planes to create the most telling image of the subject matter. His geometric essentialisation of forms influenced cubism, in particular.
He exhibited little in his lifetime and worked in increasing artistic isolation, remaining in the South of France far from Paris. He concentrated on a few subjects: still lifes, studies of bathers, and especially the Mont Sainte-Victoire, of which he painted innumerable views. To early 20th-century modernists, C�zanne was the founder of modern painting. Henri Matisse called him, "the father of us all".
In 1906, C�zanne collapsed while painting in the outdoors during a thunderstorm. One week later, on October 22, he died of pneumonia.
On May 10, 1999, C�zanne's painting Rideau, cruchon et compotier sold for $60.5 million, the fourth highest price paid for a painting up to that time.
- By Julie V.
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